Preposition Types II

source: https://www.basic-english-grammar.com/8-types-of-prepositions-in-english-grammar-with-examples.html/

Another type of preposition is a preposition of movement. This is the change in position over time, so there are overlaps between this type of preposition and the previous two. In any case, some examples include to, across, from, and round, and these describe motion. Most buildings try to avoid motion which would show structural failure or at least dynamics. However, a figurative motion can apply to most buildings and building elements, and literal movement can describe the building users, HVAC, plumbing, and the electrical system, or maybe there are parts of a structure that actually move. Modernism expressed structures as practical machines or instruments where there was a great deal of dynamism for the elements within or outside the walls, but the structure would steadfastly hold its form throughout time. In this way, the building becomes a canvas or baseline, which reflects the changes around and inside it.

Moving beyond the Modern, why couldn’t a structure move and change? What other built structures are in motion? Boats, trucks, and trailers can be inhabited, and they have moving parts. Could a portion of a roof detach from a structure on moderate Spring and Fall days? Can a building’s face turn to the sun or wind? These questions expand the boundaries of a structure’s design. Maybe a building can move, or maybe it is just the constituent parts that move–this is up to the designer using the prepositions of movement where another preposition might have been used. What happens when we replace one preposition with another? To have a wall that moves from a floor–what does that mean? Is this wall like a large overhead door? Is it on hinges or slides that make it fly from the ground? Or, is it just a figure of speech?

These are the prepositions of movement represented in this work:

About

Across

Around

Away From

Beside

Beyond

By

Circa

Close To

Down

For

From

Further To

Near To

Next To

Onto

Out Of

Outside Of

Over

Past

Round

Throughout

To

Toward

Under

Underneath

Up

Up To

Via

Prepositions of manner are terms that express how or the way things happen. An element within the building may be only that element, but it is possible for it to transform or translate as or with something else. A few prepositions of manner are: like, by, and with, and each of this type of preposition provides a change through conveyance. A ceiling that moves by air pressure creates a changing form through the variation of air flow, and a foundation that moves by hydraulic pressure uses water to create dynamism. So, this form of preposition relies on the object of the preposition to alter the verb and subject, transferring the ability through the use of the preposition of manner.

What happens when we substitute another preposition type with a preposition of manner? A building standing on the water has a different sense than a building standing like the water or a building standing with the water, and what about a building standing by the water? Not the proximity to water, but structural integrity through use of the water. The nature of the objects changes dramatically just with altering one word. Another example could be a stair near a light. What is a stair like a light? How do you imagine a stair in a light? The stair is elevated to another, different object, and it creates a point of interest. Words can be used to facilitate or guide the transformation of objects through a translation from form to words and manipulating these words. Then, when the wordplay is complete, one can resurrect the object, though in a changed and other way.

Here are prepositions of manner that are explored in this work:

A La

After

As Per

Because Of

But For

By

By Means Of

Depending On

Due To

For

Given

In

Less

Like

On

On Board

On Top Of

Out Of

Owing To

Per

Re

Regarding

Through

To

Together With

Upon

Via

With

Next, we will look at prepositions of agent or instrument, which is somewhat similar to prepositions of manner, as well as prepositions of measure, which are used to explain the amount or greatness of a thing or things.

Finally, we will look at prepositions of source, giving the origins of objects through the use of the preposition, and we will discuss the preposition of possession, which gives authorship or ownership through the preposition or prepositional phrase. You will find that there are overlaps among the types.

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